Role of anthocyanin traits on the impact of oenological tannins addition in the first stage of red winegrape skin simulated maceration

Journal article published in Food Chemistry. Abstract: In winemaking, exogenous tannins are added before maceration to improve future wine color characteristics derived from extracted grape anthocyanins. The study aimed to investigate the relation between different grape varieties, selected according to their anthocyanin profile, and the effect of five exogenous tannin formulations differing in origin and…

Journal article published in Food Chemistry, volume 320:126633, pp. 1–12.

Authors: , , , , and .

Abstract

In winemaking, exogenous tannins are added before maceration to improve future wine color characteristics derived from extracted grape anthocyanins. The study aimed to investigate the relation between different grape varieties, selected according to their anthocyanin profile, and the effect of five exogenous tannin formulations differing in origin and chemical features. Anthocyanin content, polymeric pigments, and color traits were assessed during a 72-hour skin simulated maceration. Grape skin-derived tannins increased color intensity (up to one unit) and polymeric pigments formation (up to 6.5%) in malvidin-prevalent Merlot and Cabernet sauvignon, with different extent depending on the anthocyanin richness. Grape seed-derived and ellagic formulations favored the pigment polymerization, the first in Nebbiolo and Sangiovese (up to 8.2%), which are characterized by high ratios of disubstituted anthocyanins, and the latter in malvidin-rich Syrah and Aglianico (up to 5%). A positive effect of quebracho regarded the defense of anthocyanin forms, particularly in Sangiovese and Nebbiolo.

Key words: winegrapes, exogenous tannins, anthocyanin composition, skin maceration, wine color, polymerization, HPLC analysis

BibTeX entry: click to show

@article{
	2318_1734536,
	url = {https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1734536},
	author = {Paissoni, Maria Alessandra and Río Segade, Susana and Carrero-Carralero, Cipriano and Montanini, Carlo and Giacosa, Simone and Rolle, Luca},
	title = {Role of anthocyanin traits on the impact of oenological tannins addition in the first stage of red winegrape skin simulated maceration},
	year = {2020},
	journal = {Food Chemistry},
	volume = {320:126633},
	abstract = {In winemaking, exogenous tannins are added before maceration to improve future wine color characteristics derived from extracted grape anthocyanins. The study aimed to investigate the relation between different grape varieties, selected according to their anthocyanin profile, and the effect of five exogenous tannin formulations differing in origin and chemical features. Anthocyanin content, polymeric pigments, and color traits were assessed during a 72-hour skin simulated maceration. Grape skin-derived tannins increased color intensity (up to one unit) and polymeric pigments formation (up to 6.5\%) in malvidin-prevalent Merlot and Cabernet sauvignon, with different extent depending on the anthocyanin richness. Grape seed-derived and ellagic formulations favored the pigment polymerization, the first in Nebbiolo and Sangiovese (up to 8.2\%), which are characterized by high ratios of disubstituted anthocyanins, and the latter in malvidin-rich Syrah and Aglianico (up to 5\%). A positive effect of quebracho regarded the defense of anthocyanin forms, particularly in Sangiovese and Nebbiolo.},
	keywords = {winegrapes, exogenous tannins, anthocyanin composition, skin maceration, wine color, polymerization, HPLC analysis},
	doi = {10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.126633},
	pages = {1--12}
}

View or request article

You can find the postprint version of this article in the Open Access Repository of the University of Torino:
IRIS-AperTO record 2318/1734536

View the final version at publisher:
doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.126633

File not available?

You can contact me and request this article through the following form: